Luke 12 – commentary

In this post I share my thoughts on chapter 12 of Luke in the New Testament (KJV).

Bible verse My thoughts
1  In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. The influence of a small amount of leaven can be seen through multiple loaves of bread. In this case the leaven was hypocrisy and the Pharisees were spreading it through the community. In the previous chapter Jesus condemned the hypocrisy of the Pharisees, and he also condemned the lawyers for the negative, hindering influence they were on the spiritual welfare of the people:

Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

Though they are stewards of the Mosaic Law, they are unjust stewardss. They are wasting their master’s goods.

2  For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known. They may think they do these things in secret, but their deeds will be known, and they are known to God already.
3  Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in the light; and that which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetops.
4  And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. The Pharisees who were plotting to kill Jesus. But their power and influence was limited to what they could accomplish on earth.
5  But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him. “him” is singular, which would refer to Christ, or the Father. Christ has the power to deliver from hell.
6  Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God? They are sold in lots of five, but God knows them individually.
7  But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows. If God is aware of the life of an individual sparrow we can take comfort in knowing that we are also known and cared for.
8  Also I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God:
9  But he that denieth me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.
10  And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
11  And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:
12   For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
13   And one of the company said unto him, Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.
14   And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?
15   And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man’s life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
16   And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully: There are other factors besides hard work that contribute to the success of a farmer. The quality of the soil and the weather play a big part. This man was already rich, and he is now blessed with even more.
17   And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits? He knows he has more than he can handle, so he has a choice to make.
18   And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods. He had barns that weren’t large enough to hold his goods, so he decided to make larger barns to accommodate the excess. But, he makes no mention of helping others with his excess.This story is similar to the one of the rich man and Lazarus the begger. In that story the rich man ate sumptuously, without concern for the begger that was outside his gate. In this case, the rich man has barns full of goods and he wants to build larger barns to keep the extra.
19   And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry. It seems fitting that a successful man should use the goods that he has earned to have nice things. But, this man has been greatly blessed. He has the means to lighten the burdens of others, if he considers it.
20   But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided? While he is living the man can choose whether to share his abundance, but once he dies his riches will fall to someone else.
21   So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
22   And he said unto his disciples, Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall put on. This commandment will change later when Jesus tells his disciples to prepare. But this seems to be a commandment to show them that the Lord can take care of them if they will allow it to happen.
23   The life is more than meat, and the body is more than raiment.
24   Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feedeth them: how much more are ye better than the fowls?
25   And which of you with taking thought can add to his stature one cubit?
26   If ye then be not able to do that thing which is least, why take ye thought for the rest?
27   Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
28   If then God so clothe the grass, which is to day in the field, and to morrow is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you, O ye of little faith?
29   And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.
30   For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
31   But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
32   Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
33   Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth
34   For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
35   Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning;
36   And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.
37   Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.
38   And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants.
39   And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through.
40   Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.
41   Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
42   And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?
43   Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
44   Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath.
45   But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be
46   The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
47   And that servant, which knew his lord’s will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.
48   But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
49   I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
50   But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!
51  Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division:
52   For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.
53   The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against the father; the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother; the mother in law against her daughter in law, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
54   And he said also to the people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is.
55   And when ye see the south wind blow, ye say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass.
56   Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?
57   Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye not what is right?
58   When thou goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him; lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prison.
59   I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast paid the very last mite.

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